Treatment at Saylor Physical Therapy:
Hip and Knee Pain
The knee is a weight-bearing joint that functions to allow movement of the leg and is critical to walking normally. The knee joint has three compartments: the inner (medial) compartment, the outer (lateral) compartment and the patellofemoral, where the kneecap joins the femur. The thigh bone (femur) meets the large shinbone (tibia) forming the main knee joint.
It is surrounded by a joint capsule with ligaments strapping the inside and outside of the joint as well as crossing within the joint. The fact that the knee is such an intricate structure and that it is an active weight-bearing joint are factors in making the knee one of the most commonly injured joints.
The hip joint is made up of two bones: the pelvis and the femur (the thighbone). It is the largest ball-and-socket joint in your body and allows for a lot of movement such as walking, running, and climbing. The joint is also composed of several powerful muscles that attach to these bones.
These muscles play an important role in the health of your hip. They work together to provide you with a full range of motion while keeping your body stable and upright. Pain in the hip can be a result
If you are experiencing Hip or Knee Pain, please contact us for further assistance.
Hip and Knee Pain Issues:
- Groin Strain ( Adductor Muscle Tear)
- Meniscal Tears
- Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
- ACL Tear
- MCL Tear
- PCL Tear
- Patello-Femoral Syndrome
- Groin Strain
A Groin pull or groin strain results from putting too much stress on muscles in your groin and thigh. If these muscles are tensed too forcefully or too suddenly, they can get overstretched or torn. This injury usually occurs in sports where cutting, side-stepping, or pivoting are required. Often, there is
Arthritis means “joint inflammation.” Arthritis causes pain and swelling in the body’s joints such as the knees or hips. There are many types of arthritis but osteoarthritis is the most common. Osteoarthritis is often referred to as degenerative joint disease or
A meniscus tear is a common knee injury. The meniscus is a rubbery, C-shaped disc that cushions your knee. Each knee has two menisci (plural of meniscus)-one at the outer edge of the knee and one at the inner edge. The menisci keep your knee steady by balancing your weight across the knee. A torn meniscus can prevent your knee from working right.
A meniscus tear is usually caused by twisting or turning quickly, often with the foot planted while the knee is bent. These tears can occur when you lift something heavy or play sports. As you get older, your meniscus gets worn. This can make it tear more easily.
Bursitis & Tendinitis
Bursitis and Tendinitis are both common conditions that cause swelling around muscles and bones. They occur most often in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee or ankle. Bursitis occurs when the small, fluid-filled sacs that act as a cushion between a bone and other moving body parts such as muscles, tendons or skin become swollen. People get bursitis from overusing a joint. Hip bursitis is a common problem that causes pain over the outside of the upper thigh. When the bursa sac becomes inflamed it can be very painful as patients with hip bursitis move this tendon with each step. Another form of Bursitis often found in the knee is Prepatellar bursitis, also known as housemaid’s knee. This is pain and swelling on the top of the kneecap, which causes limited and painful movement of the knee.
Tendinitis occurs when a tendon; which is a flexible band of tissue connecting muscle to
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
Iliotibial band friction syndrome is a common cause of knee and hip pain in athletes. This is the inflammation and painful irritation of the iliotibial band where it passes over the lateral epicondyle of the femur, an area just above the outside of the knee. ITBS is considered an overuse syndrome usually common among runners, cyclists and military personnel. The cause of this painful syndrome is usually due to a combination of stresses on the ITB such as; poor flexibility, training on uneven surfaces, worn out shoes, repetitive overuse, and abnormal hip, knee, and foot mechanics. This syndrome can often be treated with a conservative approach. A physical therapist may use ultrasound and other modalities to help the injured tissues heal more quickly. A skilled physical therapist can also help correct any biomechanical or training errors and teach you how to perform them the right way.
An anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL,
The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the four ligaments that are critical to the stability of the knee joint. The MCL spans the distance from the end of the femur to the top of the tibia and is on the inside of the knee joint. The MCL is usually injured when the outside of the knee joint is struck. The MCL on the inside of the knee becomes stretched and if the force is great enough, some or even all of the
The Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is one of the four major knee ligaments. The LCL connects the end of the thigh bone (the femur) to the top of the smaller shin bone (fibula), on the outside of the knee. When the LCL is torn the knee joint may bend too far inwards when stressed. Lateral collateral ligament tears are less common. Initially, rest, ice, elevation
The posterior cruciate ligament is stronger and often less likely to be injured. The most common injury to the PCL is the so-called “dashboard injury.” This occurs when the knee is bent and an object forcefully strikes the shin backward. This has been seen in car collisions with a forceful strike of the shin to the dashboard. Injury to the PCL can also occur when someone falls on the front of their knee. The symptoms of this tear are very similar to an ACL Tear. There will be swelling, knee pain and decreased motion. In making the diagnosis for this type of tear knowing how the injury happened and the position of the leg during the action is very important. Initial treatment includes rest, ice, elevation, and compression. Physical therapy consisting of progressive strengthening and functional exercise may facilitate recovery. Surgery is not typically required.
Chondromalacia Patella is the abnormal softening of the cartilage under the kneecap (patella). This is the most common cause of chronic knee pain. This is a result of the degeneration of cartilage due to poor alignment of the kneecap as it slides over the lower end of the thigh bone. This process is sometimes referred to as